Artificial Grass Installation

Ready to install artificial grass? If you want your lawn to look professional, have proper drainage, and last you for the next twenty-five years, our installation guide can easily show you how to prepare the subbase, trim and fasten the turf, add an infill, avoid wrinkling, and make sure your surface is clean and ready to go. Synthetic turf is easy to install, and with a few tips and tricks from professional installers, you can achieve the best results. Benefits: the list of installation tools, materials, and accessories, do-it-yourself videos, and more.

Artificial grass installation guide, install synthetic turf DIY, how to install fake grass.

How To Install Artificial Grass

For a flawless and professional-looking artificial turf installation that boasts excellent drainage and durability for up to twenty years, it's essential to follow our comprehensive 12-step guide meticulously. Discover the complete list of necessary tools for the project at the bottom of this page. Plus, enhance your installation knowledge with our four detailed videos hosted by Dave, who expertly explains and demonstrates each crucial phase of the synthetic grass installation process. This guide ensures your artificial lawn not only looks stunning but also stands the test of time.

Artificial Lawn - Site Base Preparation

  1. Remove 3 - 4 inches of existing grass sod and dirt. Use a sod cutter for large lawns. Cap and remove all sprinklers and sprinkler heads. Be sure to set a rough grade for drainage.
  2. Lay 2 - 2 1/2 inches of drain crushed rock, hose down, then using a vibrating plate compactor, compact to 90%.
  3. Lay 1 - 1 1/2 inches of either class II road base or decomposed granite.
  4. Lay the weed barrier * fabric over road base or decomposed granite. This step is optional. Landscape fabrics have their pros and cons. If the soil beneath your installation is "alive" and weeds are wildly grown before installation, it might be a good idea to protect your lawn from weeds with weed barrier fabric. In many cases, there is no big need for weed protection, and you can install turf right on top of decomposed granite without adding extra layers.
  5. Hose down and then use a vibrating plate compactor to compact to 90%.
  6. Make sure base surface is as leveled and as smooth as possible.
  7. Create a slight grade for optimal drainage.

Synthetic Turf Installation

CAUTION: Turf should be rolled out under the sun with blades facing down at least 1-2 hours before installation. This will allow the turf to acclimate and, as a result, make, it easier to work with.

  1. Lay turf onto base and position where needed. Using a carpet knife/razor knife, cut off the excess grass turf on the backside (3 stitches in from sides). Cut fake turf (on the backside) to fit the area.
  2. Fasten one end with 40D or 60D Bright Common nails of 5-6 inches in length, spaced 3-4 inches apart along the edges. Stretch turf and fasten with nails as you move across to the opposite end. Place a nail every 12-24 inches throughout the center and every 3-4 inches along the perimeter.
  3. Fasten together seams by using 11 gauge 6"x1"x6" staples spaced 4 inches apart along the seam. Do not countersink staples.

    Note: Be sure the seams are taut and precise, the grain of the turf is facing in the same direction, and the space at the seam is the same as the stitching gauge.

  4. After turf is installed, power broom before applying infill, apply infill onto turf grass using a drop spreader. Spread infill as evenly as possible with a grading rake or broom until infill settles into the base of the turf. You can use a push broom for quick and easy infilling.

    Note: Never use regular sand for infill. For putting green installation, use infill with a smaller grain, for example, silica sand #30, because the smaller grain size will work it into the surface better since the golf greens are dense.
  5. Hand or power broom again so that the blades are standing straight up. Use carpet scissors to trim off the excessive turf blades. Clean the surrounding area with a blower or a broom.
Artificial Grass Installation cross cut.

Tools For Artificial Grass and Turf Installation

Almost all required tools can be found in your garage, except maybe carpet stretcher. A carpet stretcher is very useful when installing artificial turf. Specifically, you need it before you start seaming the edges of the lawn.

The second installation video shows how to use the stretcher. As a tip, the carpet stretcher is also called a knee-kicker. You strike the padded end with your knee. Wrinkles on the seam stretch nicely. A simple carpet stretcher from Home Depot will do. Don't want your turf to buckle? Use the stretcher.


Shovel & Picks
Grading Rake
Hammer
Measuring Tape
Carpet Knife
Cutting Blades
Carpet Stretcher
Carpet Scissors
Blower (for clean up)
Wheelbarrow
Drop Spreader (For Infill)
Vibrating Plate Compactor
Power Broom
Broom (for clean up)

Plate Compactor

If you don't have a plate compactor, rent one for a day or two. Your base must be stable and well-compressed before you lay turf or pavers on top of it. If you don't compact your base well, it will continue to shift and compress in time, causing ruts in your lawn and developing higher or lower areas that eventually will cause buckles and wrinkles in the turf as well.

When you compact your base with a plate compactor, constantly water the area with a hose. Compaction is a straightforward process, but it takes time and patience to go over the area multiple times. Some say three to four times is good enough, but to be safe, repeat the go-round compaction procedure up to ten-twelve times before introducing the sub-base material. Don't forget to create a little slop in the area for proper drainage.

Materials for Artificial Turf Installation

Drain Rock
Decomposed Granite
40D 5" / 60D 6" bright common nails and 6"x1"x6" steel staples
Infill Materials:
Use only when necessary.
Medium or #30 Kiln Dried Sand.
Depending on the pile heights, infill amount may vary.
Special infill made for pet turf is available.
Bender Boards:
Only used when needed

When to Install a Wire Mesh?

As you can see on the diagram above, a wire mesh is installed on top of the soil, after you removed dirt and existing sod, and before you start spreading and compacting drain rocks and decomposed granite. A Wire Mesh, or a wire barrier, is meant to prevent gophers and moles from damaging lawns. Are those critters populated in your area? Then, no matter what type of lawn you install, natural or artificial, you want to protect it. There are special "gopher wires" that are made specifically for this reason - to make a robust underground barrier below the surface of your lawn. This step is optional. Some regions have no issues with gophers, while in others, gophers' over-population affects the whole gardening and landscaping experience. Gophers love to tunnel their way up your lawn and to turn it into their salad bar. They are not too interested in artificial turf with rocks and granite underneath. If there are no problems with gophers and moles in your installation area, a wire mesh can be an unreasonable expense.

Tips for a Professional-Looking Synthetic Grass and Turf Install

Calculate the Amount of Infill

Amount of infill: Multiply 1/2 of pile height by the total number of square foot x 0.083333 x infill weight per cubic feet. It equals the infill weight in pounds.

For example, Super Natural 60 will take: pile height 0.1475' (1.77'') x 1,000 sq.ft. area x 0.083333 x 96.01 (pounds per cubic foot) = 1,180 pounds of silica sand, or 10 bags 100 lbs each, or 118 pounds per square foot.

Turf Infill Calculator

Artificial Grass Installation - Facts You Need to Know


Artificial Grass Installation Videos

Synthetic grass installation can take from 5 to 12 hours on average to install on any small to average size lawn. We have an artificial lawn installed in Auburn, California in the beautiful Lake of the Pines community. The most important part of the synthetic turf installation is the base preparation. If your site is prepared correctly, spread, and well compacted with drain rock, road base, or decomposed granite, the second step (see the second video) is easy. You just need a pair of scissors, measuring tape, and a pair of strong hands to lay out the turf on the base, seam the seams, and fasten the turf down with staples or nails.

Synthetic Turf Installation: Prepare a Base


Synthetic Turf Installation: Install Turf. Types of Infills.


Tools Required for Turf Installation

Almost all required tools can be found in your garage, except maybe carpet stretcher. A carpet stretcher is very useful when installing artificial turf. Specifically, you need it before you start seaming the edges of turf. If you'll watch the second installation video, you will see how to use the stretcher. As a tip, the carpet stretcher is also called a knee-kicker. You strike the padded end with your knee. Wrinkles on the seam stretch nicely. A simple carpet stretcher from Home Depot will do. Don't want your turf to buckle? Use the stretcher.

Plate Compactor

If you don't have a plate compactor, rent one for a day or two. Your base must be stable and well-compressed before you lay turf or pavers on top of it. If you don't compact your base well, it will continue to shift and compress in time, causing ruts in your lawn and developing higher or lower areas that eventually will cause buckles and wrinkles in turf as well.

When you compact your base with a plate compactor, constantly water the area with a hose. Compaction is a very simple process, but it takes time and patience to go over the area multiple times. Some say three to four times is good enough, but to be safe, repeat the go-round compaction procedure up to ten-twelve times before introducing the sub-base material. Don't forget to create a little slop in the area for proper drainage.


Artificial Grass Maintenance

Synthetic grass lawn doesn't need mowing, watering, or a fertilizing to remain green year round. It's a perfect alternative to green grass for homeowners who aspire for low maintenance, no irrigation, no fading, drought tolerant realistic lush, resilient and durable green lawn that helps to conserve water and reduce water bills.

Forget the astroturf of the past; modern artificial lawns look and feel better than natural; ideal for any type of yards; looks great in the backyard, on a playground, a dog run, and a lifesaver for pets.

For commercial landscaping, municipalities, turf fields, play area or dog run, fake grass lawns mean no trimming, no edging, no weeding, lasting, unlimited foot traffic, saving water and minimal upkeep. For homeowners, a turf lawn is aesthetic, perfectly manicured, no mower expensive, no dead grass, no fertilizer, no pesticides, the neighbors envy, always green grass all year round that increases your property value. For pet owners, no muddy paws, no odors, water bill reductions best grass field for pets to play with life expectancy for up to 25 years.

You don't need to fertilize artificial lawns to keep them healthy.

Use a leaf blower to remove leaves and debris from the surfaces occasionally.

If you are using the TCool infill, follow instructions on the package.

Lawn installation can take from 8 to 12 hours to complete by a professional contractor, installer or a landscaper from start to finish. As a homeowner and a gardener, installing artificial surfacing is aka installing outdoor carpet, made of polypropylene, may take a little longer. Estimate your project costs with our online calculators.

Perfect lawn made of quality products will help you save water and has a natural look. Compared to a natural lawn, fake turf can be installed on bocce ball fields, soccer field, football field, sports turf, playground surfaces, residential properties, balconies, decking, patio, play areas, athletic fields, front yard, back yard, or walkways.

As the synthetic turf suppliers of environmentally friendly turfs in the United States, we offer an unmatched 15-year warranty on all our turf lawn products grasses. No water, no crumb rubber, golf putting greens. For dogs, and homeowners with pets, we offer durable, fully recyclable, budget-friendly, year-long green, field turf directly from our synthetic grass warehouse to make your new lawn look greener, and decrease water consumption.


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Customer Reviews

4.9 stars based on 1640 customer reviews

2024-04-08T19:30:30+00:00
See all reviews in Riverton Alabama

The GST Riviera Monterey 84 has transformed my outdoor space into an enviable, evergreen lawn. Its realistic texture and vibrant color make it almost indistinguishable from natural grass, but without any of the hassle. This turf withstands heavy use and severe weather, maintaining its pristine condition throughout the year.

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2024-04-08T19:26:51+00:00
See all reviews in Palmetto California

The GST Trainers Turf 63 has been a standout addition to my active outdoor area. Its robustness perfectly suits high-traffic spaces, supporting everything from workouts to playful family activities without showing wear. The turf's realistic look enhances the aesthetic of my space, while its durability means it looks great with minimal effort.

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2024-04-08T19:24:13+00:00
See all reviews in Tad Park Utah

The GST Pet Turf has been a game-changer for my yard and my pets. Its durability stands up to the playful antics of my dogs, while its softness ensures they enjoy every moment outside. The best part? It's designed for easy cleaning and offers excellent drainage, making pet messes a breeze to handle.

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2024-04-08T19:21:57+00:00
See all reviews in Iles Illinois

The GST Super Natural 60 turf has completely transformed my outdoor space into a stunning, maintenance-free area that looks and feels like real grass. Its natural appearance and softness are unparalleled, making it hard to believe it's not actual grass. The durability of this turf is a major plus, easily withstanding foot traffic and weather changes without losing its appeal.

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2024-04-08T18:51:18+00:00
See all reviews in Jules Verne Park Florida

GST Star Grass 35 transforms your outdoor space with its vibrant green hue and exceptional resilience. This turf offers a balance of aesthetic appeal and practicality, standing up to daily wear while maintaining its lively color. Its low maintenance nature means less work and more time enjoying your beautiful lawn.

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2024-04-08T18:49:16+00:00
See all reviews in Superstition Country Subdivision Arizona

The GST Super Natural 80 elevates outdoor spaces with its unparalleled realism and luxurious texture. Designed to mimic natural grass closely, this turf stands out for its lush appearance and soft feel underfoot. Its durability is impressive, capable of withstanding heavy use while retaining its beauty. Low maintenance is a key feature, allowing you to enjoy a perfect lawn year-round with minimal effort.

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